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國能發新能〔2023〕附件1

3月(yue)23日,國家能源局(ju)、生態環境部(bu)、農(nong)(nong)業農(nong)(nong)村部(bu)、國家鄉村振(zhen)興局(ju)聯(lian)合下(xia)發《關于組織開展農(nong)(nong)村能源革命試點縣建設的通知(zhi)》(國能發新能〔2023〕23號),提出了建設“農(nong)(nong)村能源革命試點縣”的目標(biao)!

文件提出:到2025年(nian),試點縣可再生(sheng)能(neng)源在一次能(neng)源消費(fei)總量占比超(chao)過(guo)30%,在一次能(neng)源消費(fei)增量中占比超(chao)過(guo)60%。


附件1

農村能源革命試點縣建設方案

廣大農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)地區風能(neng)(neng)、太(tai)陽能(neng)(neng)、生物質能(neng)(neng)等可(ke)再生能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)資源(yuan)豐(feng)富,是落實碳(tan)(tan)(tan)達峰(feng)目(mu)標、大力(li)發展(zhan)新能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)的(de)重要(yao)增長極。推動農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)革命,加(jia)大鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)清(qing)潔能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)建設(she)力(li)度,有助于實現(xian)碳(tan)(tan)(tan)達峰(feng)、碳(tan)(tan)(tan)中(zhong)(zhong)和(he)目(mu)標任務(wu)(wu)(wu),促進農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)產業(ye)(ye)提檔升級、拉(la)動產業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)延伸,支(zhi)撐宜(yi)居宜(yi)業(ye)(ye)和(he)美鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建設(she)。為深入(ru)貫(guan)徹黨中(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)(yang)、國(guo)(guo)務(wu)(wu)(wu)院關(guan)(guan)于鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振興(xing)(xing)戰(zhan)略(lve)的(de)重要(yao)決策部(bu)署及“四(si)個(ge)革命、一個(ge)合作”能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)安全新戰(zhan)略(lve),落實《中(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)(yang) 國(guo)(guo)務(wu)(wu)(wu)院關(guan)(guan)于全面(mian)推進鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振興(xing)(xing)加(jia)快農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)現(xian)代化的(de)意(yi)(yi)(yi)見》(中(zhong)(zhong)發〔2021〕1號)、《中(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)(yang) 國(guo)(guo)務(wu)(wu)(wu)院關(guan)(guan)于做(zuo)(zuo)好(hao)2022年全面(mian)推進鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振興(xing)(xing)重點(dian)(dian)工作的(de)意(yi)(yi)(yi)見》(中(zhong)(zhong)發〔2022〕1號)、《中(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)(yang) 國(guo)(guo)務(wu)(wu)(wu)院關(guan)(guan)于做(zuo)(zuo)好(hao)2023年全面(mian)推進鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振興(xing)(xing)重點(dian)(dian)工作的(de)意(yi)(yi)(yi)見》(中(zhong)(zhong)發〔2023〕1號)、《中(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)(yang)辦公廳 國(guo)(guo)務(wu)(wu)(wu)院辦公廳關(guan)(guan)于印發<鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建設(she)行動實施方案(an)(an)>的(de)通知》(中(zhong)(zhong)辦發〔2022〕22號)等系列重要(yao)文件精神,以點(dian)(dian)帶(dai)面(mian)加(jia)快農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)地區能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)清(qing)潔低碳(tan)(tan)(tan)轉型(xing),助力(li)實現(xian)鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振興(xing)(xing),制定農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)革命試點(dian)(dian)縣建設(she)方案(an)(an)如(ru)下。


一、總體要求

(一)指導思想(xiang)

以(yi)習近平(ping)(ping)新(xin)(xin)時代(dai)中(zhong)國特色社會主義思想為指導,深入貫徹落實黨(dang)的(de)二十大精神(shen)及“四個革(ge)命(ming)、一(yi)個合作”能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)安全新(xin)(xin)戰略,立足新(xin)(xin)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)階段(duan),完整、準確(que)、全面(mian)貫徹新(xin)(xin)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)理念,構建(jian)新(xin)(xin)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)格局,錨(mao)定碳達(da)峰、碳中(zhong)和目(mu)標(biao)任務(wu),以(yi)縣(xian)域為基本單元統籌城鄉(xiang)清(qing)潔(jie)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),推動鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)清(qing)潔(jie)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)高質量(liang)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),探索建(jian)設多能(neng)互補的(de)分布式低碳綜合能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)網絡,提(ti)(ti)升清(qing)潔(jie)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)供(gong)給能(neng)力和消費水平(ping)(ping),滿足農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)經濟社會發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)和人民(min)日益增(zeng)長(chang)的(de)美好生活清(qing)潔(jie)用(yong)能(neng)需求,將鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)清(qing)潔(jie)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)生產(chan)、消費與(yu)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)壯大村(cun)(cun)(cun)集體經濟、建(jian)設宜居宜業(ye)和美鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)有機(ji)結合,為改善(shan)鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)生態環(huan)境(jing)、全面(mian)推進鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)振興(xing)、加快推進農(nong)(nong)業(ye)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)現代(dai)化提(ti)(ti)供(gong)有力支撐。


(二)工作原則

多能(neng)(neng)互補(bu)、追求實效(xiao)。加強與(yu)鄉村(cun)振興(xing)戰略規(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)、農業農村(cun)現代化規(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)、可再生能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)規(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)、電力發展規(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)等的統籌銜接,合理規(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)各類可再生能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)開發,加強農村(cun)電網(wang)建設,促進區域多能(neng)(neng)互補(bu)協調發展,提高用能(neng)(neng)質量,降低用能(neng)(neng)成(cheng)本。

因地(di)(di)制(zhi)宜、多元(yuan)創新。結合各地(di)(di)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)資(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)特點和優勢,充分挖掘本(ben)地(di)(di)農(nong)村能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)資(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)潛力,統籌實際運行與可持續發展情(qing)況,因地(di)(di)制(zhi)宜創新開(kai)發利(li)用模式(shi),保障項目持續健康運營,滿足(zu)農(nong)村地(di)(di)區(qu)用能(neng)需求(qiu)。

試點先行、逐步推廣。積極穩妥推進試點建(jian)設,完善可(ke)再生能(neng)源(yuan)供應(ying)體系,鼓勵引導可(ke)再生能(neng)源(yuan)消費,以(yi)可(ke)復制、可(ke)推廣、可(ke)評估、易考(kao)核為原(yuan)則(ze),逐步實現市場化(hua)(hua)、商業化(hua)(hua)推廣應(ying)用。

生(sheng)態(tai)優先、綠(lv)色發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)。統(tong)籌農村能源(yuan)(yuan)革(ge)命與(yu)人居(ju)環境改善,推進減(jian)污降碳協(xie)同增效(xiao),充分考(kao)慮氣(qi)候(hou)變化(hua)(hua)不利影響(xiang)因素,強化(hua)(hua)項目選址選線(xian),落實生(sheng)態(tai)環境分區管(guan)控要求,主(zhu)動(dong)避(bi)讓生(sheng)態(tai)保護(hu)紅線(xian)等環境敏感區,統(tong)籌好自(zi)然生(sheng)態(tai)空間、鄉村風光和(he)新能源(yuan)(yuan)設施建設的(de)關系(xi),采取(qu)有效(xiao)污染(ran)防治和(he)生(sheng)態(tai)保護(hu)措施,推動(dong)實現綠(lv)色發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)。


(三)主要目(mu)標

到2025年,試點縣可(ke)(ke)再生能源(yuan)在一次(ci)能源(yuan)消費(fei)(fei)總量(liang)占(zhan)比(bi)超過30%,在一次(ci)能源(yuan)消費(fei)(fei)增量(liang)中占(zhan)比(bi)超過60%。可(ke)(ke)再生能源(yuan)新模(mo)式新業態(tai)廣泛發展,就(jiu)地(di)消納能力明顯(xian)提升,新型電(dian)力系(xi)統配電(dian)網建設成(cheng)效顯(xian)著,非(fei)電(dian)利用多元化(hua)、成(cheng)規模(mo)。國家大氣污染防治重點區域(yu)試點縣平原(yuan)地(di)區實(shi)現(xian)炊事、取(qu)暖和(he)農(nong)(nong)業散煤基本清零,其它區域(yu)試點縣制訂平原(yuan)地(di)區炊事、取(qu)暖和(he)農(nong)(nong)業散煤清零規劃并有序(xu)組織(zhi)實(shi)施。以(yi)可(ke)(ke)再生能源(yuan)產業經濟(ji)帶動農(nong)(nong)民增收,基本形成(cheng)以(yi)清潔能源(yuan)為主、安全可(ke)(ke)靠(kao)的農(nong)(nong)村能源(yuan)供給、消費(fei)(fei)、技術體(ti)系(xi)和(he)管理體(ti)制。


二、重點任(ren)務

(一)推動農(nong)村能(neng)源供(gong)給革命,建立可再生能(neng)源多(duo)元供(gong)能(neng)體系

推(tui)進(jin)可(ke)再生(sheng)能(neng)源發電就地(di)(di)就近開(kai)(kai)發和(he)(he)(he)利(li)用(yong)。按照集中開(kai)(kai)發和(he)(he)(he)分散(san)發展(zhan)(zhan)并舉的(de)原(yuan)則,大力發展(zhan)(zhan)多能(neng)互補,在(zai)保(bao)護生(sheng)態的(de)基礎(chu)上,加快風電、光伏發電建(jian)設開(kai)(kai)發。充分利(li)用(yong)農(nong)村地(di)(di)區(qu)空(kong)間資源,積(ji)極推(tui)進(jin)風電分散(san)式(shi)(shi)開(kai)(kai)發。結合屋(wu)頂分布式(shi)(shi)光伏開(kai)(kai)發試(shi)(shi)點(dian)工(gong)作推(tui)進(jin),鼓勵利(li)用(yong)新(xin)建(jian)住宅小區(qu)屋(wu)頂、廠房和(he)(he)(he)公(gong)共建(jian)筑(zhu)屋(wu)頂、農(nong)民自(zi)有建(jian)筑(zhu)屋(wu)頂、設施農(nong)業等建(jian)設一定(ding)比例光伏發電。因地(di)(di)制宜合理布局生(sheng)物(wu)質發電項目,有效(xiao)處理各類(lei)有機廢棄物(wu)的(de)同時,支(zhi)撐(cheng)試(shi)(shi)點(dian)縣綠色電力持續(xu)、穩定(ding)供應。

加快推(tui)進(jin)(jin)可再(zai)生(sheng)(sheng)能(neng)源非(fei)電開發(fa)。因地(di)(di)制(zhi)宜(yi)推(tui)動地(di)(di)熱能(neng)、太陽能(neng)、生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)質(zhi)能(neng)清潔(jie)供(gong)暖,國家大氣(qi)污染(ran)防治(zhi)重點區域的試(shi)點縣平原地(di)(di)區生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)質(zhi)能(neng)清潔(jie)供(gong)暖應采用熱電聯產(chan)、大型生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)質(zhi)鍋(guo)爐(lu)等集中供(gong)暖模式,有序推(tui)進(jin)(jin)可再(zai)生(sheng)(sheng)能(neng)源安全可靠替代散煤,促(cu)進(jin)(jin)農(nong)村清潔(jie)取(qu)暖、清潔(jie)用能(neng)。在有機廢(fei)棄物(wu)(wu)(wu)豐富(fu)、用氣(qi)需求量大的區域,探索開發(fa)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)天然(ran)氣(qi)項目(mu),形成管網(wang)天然(ran)氣(qi)、車輛(liang)用氣(qi)、鍋(guo)爐(lu)燃料(liao)等多(duo)元應用模式。在生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)質(zhi)資源豐富(fu)地(di)(di)區,因地(di)(di)制(zhi)宜(yi)開展(zhan)纖維(wei)素燃料(liao)乙(yi)醇試(shi)點示范(fan)。

探索建設(she)(she)鄉村(cun)(cun)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)站(zhan)(zhan)。依托基層電(dian)網(wang)、農機服務(wu)網(wang)點(dian)(dian)、制造企業維修網(wang)點(dian)(dian)、農村(cun)(cun)沼氣服務(wu)網(wang)點(dian)(dian)、生物質供暖服務(wu)站(zhan)(zhan)等,建設(she)(she)具備(bei)分(fen)布(bu)式可再生能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)診(zhen)斷檢修、電(dian)動汽車充換電(dian)服務(wu)、生物質“收儲(chu)運(yun)”及成型燃料(liao)加工、生物質鍋爐和地熱供熱、農村(cun)(cun)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)節約與技術推廣服務(wu)等能(neng)(neng)(neng)力的(de)鄉村(cun)(cun)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)站(zhan)(zhan),培養專(zhuan)業化服務(wu)隊伍,推動可再生能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)資源(yuan)(yuan)集約開發和高(gao)效(xiao)運(yun)營管(guan)理,提高(gao)鄉村(cun)(cun)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)公共供應(ying)和服務(wu)能(neng)(neng)(neng)力,降(jiang)低鄉村(cun)(cun)用(yong)能(neng)(neng)(neng)成本(ben)。結合以縣城為重要載體的(de)城鎮化建設(she)(she),推動城鎮清潔供熱供電(dian)基礎(chu)設(she)(she)施向農村(cun)(cun)延伸。


(二)推動(dong)農村能(neng)源(yuan)消費革命,實現縣域清潔高效用(yong)能(neng)

加(jia)(jia)快推進電(dian)能(neng)替代(dai)。積極推進農(nong)業農(nong)村領域電(dian)氣化,加(jia)(jia)強農(nong)業種植、養殖、農(nong)產品加(jia)(jia)工(gong)、農(nong)業大棚等(deng)農(nong)業生產加(jia)(jia)工(gong)領域電(dian)氣化改造(zao),加(jia)(jia)快提升農(nong)村地區(qu)炊事(shi)、取暖(nuan)等(deng)生活(huo)用能(neng)電(dian)氣化水平。深入推進交通領域電(dian)氣化,鼓勵(li)加(jia)(jia)快推進公共交通工(gong)具電(dian)氣化,推廣家用新能(neng)源電(dian)動汽車,保障電(dian)動汽車充(chong)換電(dian)基(ji)礎設施建設。

鞏固提(ti)(ti)升農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)電(dian)(dian)(dian)網(wang)(wang)。聚(ju)焦農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)電(dian)(dian)(dian)網(wang)(wang)薄(bo)弱地區(qu)和(he)問題短板,深入(ru)(ru)實(shi)施農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)電(dian)(dian)(dian)網(wang)(wang)鞏固提(ti)(ti)升工程,加(jia)大農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)電(dian)(dian)(dian)網(wang)(wang)基(ji)礎設施投(tou)入(ru)(ru),強(qiang)化(hua)網(wang)(wang)架結(jie)構,推(tui)進裝備(bei)升級和(he)配電(dian)(dian)(dian)自動(dong)化(hua)應用(yong),加(jia)強(qiang)供(gong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)可靠性(xing)和(he)電(dian)(dian)(dian)能(neng)質量(liang)管理,健全(quan)故障快速搶修復電(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)制,推(tui)進城鄉服務融合和(he)均等化(hua),提(ti)(ti)升農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)電(dian)(dian)(dian)網(wang)(wang)供(gong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)保障能(neng)力和(he)服務能(neng)力。穩(wen)步推(tui)動(dong)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)電(dian)(dian)(dian)網(wang)(wang)數字化(hua)、智能(neng)化(hua)轉(zhuan)型發(fa)展,促進分布式可再生能(neng)源和(he)多元化(hua)負荷的靈活接(jie)入(ru)(ru),提(ti)(ti)升農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)電(dian)(dian)(dian)網(wang)(wang)分布式可再生能(neng)源承載(zai)力。

探索擴大可再生(sheng)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)終端直(zhi)接應用規模(mo)。鼓勵新(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)發電(dian)與鄉村路燈、活(huo)動中心等公共基礎設施一(yi)(yi)體化建(jian)設。支(zhi)持在具備條(tiao)件的(de)工業園區、現代農(nong)業產業園、農(nong)產品加工基地等,結合(he)微(wei)電(dian)網(wang)和(he)源(yuan)(yuan)網(wang)荷儲(chu)一(yi)(yi)體化開(kai)發建(jian)設分布式新(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)項目,推(tui)動綠(lv)色電(dian)力直(zhi)接供應。在有條(tiao)件的(de)區域結合(he)當(dang)地資(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)及用能(neng)(neng)(neng)特點,以(yi)村鎮為單(dan)元(yuan),綜合(he)利用新(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)和(he)各(ge)類(lei)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)新(xin)(xin)(xin)技術,構建(jian)以(yi)風、光、生(sheng)物質為主,儲(chu)能(neng)(neng)(neng)、天然氣為輔,高度自(zi)給的(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)微(wei)能(neng)(neng)(neng)網(wang)。


(三)推動農村能(neng)源技(ji)術革命,提升(sheng)農村智慧用能(neng)水平

推進(jin)分布式(shi)(shi)能(neng)源(yuan)技術(shu)創新應(ying)用(yong)。加強適用(yong)于農村應(ying)用(yong)場景的風力發電(dian)、高效率光伏發電(dian)、新能(neng)源(yuan)并網(wang)和運(yun)(yun)行控制、清潔高效生(sheng)物(wu)質能(neng)供熱供氣(qi)等(deng)技術(shu)研發應(ying)用(yong)。降低(di)地熱能(neng)鉆井成(cheng)本,提(ti)高換熱效率,提(ti)升運(yun)(yun)行穩定性(xing)。充分利用(yong)云計算、大數據、物(wu)聯網(wang)、移動互(hu)聯網(wang)、人工智能(neng)等(deng)新興技術(shu),探索智能(neng)化(hua)、共享化(hua)農村可再生(sheng)能(neng)源(yuan)生(sheng)產和消費新模(mo)式(shi)(shi)。

探索建(jian)設(she)新型農(nong)村能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)網(wang)絡。探索構建(jian)適應(ying)大(da)規模分布式(shi)可再(zai)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)并(bing)網(wang)和多元負荷需要的(de)(de)智(zhi)能(neng)配(pei)電(dian)(dian)網(wang),提(ti)升柔(rou)(rou)性開放接入(ru)能(neng)力(li)(li)、靈活(huo)控(kong)制能(neng)力(li)(li)、抗擾動能(neng)力(li)(li)和抗氣(qi)候災害(hai)能(neng)力(li)(li),增(zeng)強局部電(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)系統電(dian)(dian)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)支撐(cheng)能(neng)力(li)(li)、靈活(huo)調節能(neng)力(li)(li)和就地就近平(ping)衡能(neng)力(li)(li),搭建(jian)清潔(jie)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)轉換傳輸利(li)用的(de)(de)樞紐平(ping)臺,逐步實(shi)現(xian)縣域內高(gao)比例清潔(jie)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)供(gong)(gong)電(dian)(dian)。在不增(zeng)加居民用能(neng)負擔的(de)(de)前提(ti)下,依托電(dian)(dian)網(wang)、燃(ran)氣(qi)管網(wang)、熱力(li)(li)管網(wang)等能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)網(wang)絡,綜合(he)可再(zai)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)、儲能(neng)、柔(rou)(rou)性網(wang)絡等先(xian)進能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)技術和互聯通信技術,創新推動分布式(shi)可再(zai)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)高(gao)效靈活(huo)接入(ru)與(yu)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)產消費(fei)一體(ti)化,探索建(jian)設(she)電(dian)(dian)、氣(qi)、冷、熱一體(ti)供(gong)(gong)應(ying)的(de)(de)區域綜合(he)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)系統。


(四)推動農村能源(yuan)體制革命,提(ti)升清潔能源(yuan)普(pu)遍服(fu)務水平

深化能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)領域“放管服”改革優(you)化營商環境。加大(da)可(ke)(ke)再(zai)生能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)領域簡(jian)(jian)政放權改革力度,優(you)化涉企審批服務,簡(jian)(jian)化新(xin)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)項目(mu)核準(備案(an))手續,推動微電網(wang)(wang)內網(wang)(wang)源(yuan)(yuan)荷儲打包核準(備案(an)),加強項目(mu)立(li)(li)項與(yu)規劃、用(yong)地、用(yong)電、用(yong)水(shui)等建設條件銜接(jie)。推動電網(wang)(wang)企業做(zuo)好可(ke)(ke)再(zai)生能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)并網(wang)(wang)和消納服務,探索(suo)建立(li)(li)新(xin)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)項目(mu)接(jie)網(wang)(wang)一站式(shi)服務平臺(tai),提供(gong)新(xin)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)項目(mu)可(ke)(ke)用(yong)接(jie)入點、可(ke)(ke)接(jie)入容量、技術規范(fan)等信息(xi),加快實(shi)現新(xin)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)項目(mu)接(jie)網(wang)(wang)全(quan)流(liu)(liu)程(cheng)線(xian)上辦理,大(da)幅壓(ya)縮接(jie)網(wang)(wang)時間(jian),減少業務流(liu)(liu)程(cheng)和成本。

探索建(jian)(jian)立農(nong)村能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)發(fa)展共享(xiang)機制(zhi)。統籌農(nong)村能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)革命與農(nong)村集(ji)體(ti)(ti)經濟(ji)發(fa)展,創(chuang)新(xin)新(xin)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)投(tou)資(zi)建(jian)(jian)設模式和(he)(he)土地利(li)用(yong)機制(zhi),鼓(gu)勵(li)地方結合(he)實際(ji)情況依法利(li)用(yong)存量(liang)集(ji)體(ti)(ti)土地通過(guo)作價入股、收益(yi)共享(xiang)等機制(zhi),參與新(xin)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)項目(mu)(mu)(mu)融合(he)共建(jian)(jian)。鼓(gu)勵(li)有(you)資(zi)金(jin)、技(ji)術和(he)(he)建(jian)(jian)設經驗的企業(ye)與地方政府(fu)合(he)作,選(xuan)擇(ze)合(he)適新(xin)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)品種和(he)(he)發(fa)展模式,為縣、鄉(xiang)鎮、村提供一攬子供能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)用(yong)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)解(jie)決方案。堅(jian)持項目(mu)(mu)(mu)經營性資(zi)產屬性,優化(hua)收益(yi)分配方式,兼顧增加農(nong)民收入和(he)(he)壯大村集(ji)體(ti)(ti)經濟(ji)。加強技(ji)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)培(pei)訓,在確保安(an)全、專業(ye)的前提下,通過(guo)項目(mu)(mu)(mu)運維管護、鄉(xiang)村能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)站建(jian)(jian)設運行等增加就(jiu)(jiu)業(ye)崗位,帶動(dong)試點(dian)縣農(nong)民就(jiu)(jiu)業(ye)、增收。


三、保障措施

(一(yi))加強組織協調

國家能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)局總(zong)體指導各(ge)(ge)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(區(qu)、市(shi))系統(tong)(tong)推(tui)進(jin)(jin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)革(ge)命試(shi)(shi)(shi)點(dian)(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)。生(sheng)態環(huan)境(jing)部(bu)(bu)指導落(luo)實生(sheng)態環(huan)保(bao)要求,推(tui)進(jin)(jin)減污降碳(tan)協(xie)同(tong)增(zeng)效。農(nong)業農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)部(bu)(bu)指導農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)可再生(sheng)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)綜合開(kai)發(fa)利用及農(nong)業生(sheng)物質產業發(fa)展。國家鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興局指導各(ge)(ge)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(區(qu)、市(shi))結合鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)行動提升(sheng)試(shi)(shi)(shi)點(dian)(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)宜(yi)居宜(yi)業水平,指導完(wan)善農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)革(ge)命試(shi)(shi)(shi)點(dian)(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)融(rong)合共建(jian)(jian)收(shou)益(yi)分配制度(du)。國家能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)局會同(tong)相(xiang)關部(bu)(bu)門定期對試(shi)(shi)(shi)點(dian)(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)情(qing)況進(jin)(jin)行調度(du),督促試(shi)(shi)(shi)點(dian)(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)任務(wu)落(luo)實落(luo)細。各(ge)(ge)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(區(qu)、市(shi))要高度(du)重視農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)革(ge)命試(shi)(shi)(shi)點(dian)(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she),建(jian)(jian)立省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)級統(tong)(tong)籌、縣(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)級落(luo)實、部(bu)(bu)門協(xie)同(tong)的工作機制,組織摸清(qing)試(shi)(shi)(shi)點(dian)(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)需求,參(can)照但不限(xian)于(yu)《方(fang)案》主(zhu)要目標和重點(dian)(dian)任務(wu),認真(zhen)編制實施方(fang)案,與鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興戰略規劃、農(nong)業農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)現代化(hua)規劃、可再生(sheng)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)發(fa)展規劃、電(dian)力(li)(li)發(fa)展規劃等做好統(tong)(tong)籌銜(xian)接,明確(que)目標任務(wu),細化(hua)政策措施,統(tong)(tong)籌推(tui)進(jin)(jin)試(shi)(shi)(shi)點(dian)(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)清(qing)潔能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)開(kai)發(fa)利用,多方(fang)合力(li)(li)推(tui)動農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)革(ge)命試(shi)(shi)(shi)點(dian)(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she),助力(li)(li)實現鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興。


(二)加(jia)大支持力(li)度

各(ge)(ge)地(di)要(yao)(yao)指導督促(cu)電(dian)網(wang)(wang)企業積極支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)新(xin)型分布(bu)式電(dian)力系統建(jian)設,合理安排試(shi)(shi)點(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)新(xin)能(neng)源發電(dian)項目并網(wang)(wang)工(gong)程,確(que)保(bao)(bao)(bao)綠色能(neng)源有效利(li)用。地(di)方(fang)政府要(yao)(yao)明確(que)加大(da)對試(shi)(shi)點(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)財稅、金融(rong)等(deng)方(fang)面(mian)政策支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)力度的(de)具(ju)體措(cuo)施,推動金融(rong)機構(gou)為試(shi)(shi)點(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)建(jian)設提(ti)供信貸支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi),引導社(she)會資(zi)本參與市(shi)場化投(tou)資(zi)。在符合相(xiang)關(guan)要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)的(de)前(qian)提(ti)下,積極發揮農(nong)村(cun)電(dian)網(wang)(wang)、涉農(nong)、大(da)氣污(wu)染防治、社(she)會幫扶等(deng)各(ge)(ge)級各(ge)(ge)領域現有支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)政策效能(neng)。省級相(xiang)關(guan)主管部門編制(zhi)本地(di)區農(nong)村(cun)電(dian)網(wang)(wang)鞏固提(ti)升(sheng)工(gong)程中(zhong)央(yang)預(yu)算內(nei)投(tou)資(zi)計劃時(shi),應對試(shi)(shi)點(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)傾斜支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)。各(ge)(ge)地(di)要(yao)(yao)持(chi)(chi)續完(wan)善試(shi)(shi)點(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)建(jian)設的(de)支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)保(bao)(bao)(bao)障措(cuo)施,特別是要(yao)(yao)明確(que)創(chuang)新(xin)試(shi)(shi)點(dian)縣(xian)(xian)(xian)建(jian)設土地(di)利(li)用機制(zhi)、投(tou)資(zi)機制(zhi),強化項目用地(di)等(deng)要(yao)(yao)素保(bao)(bao)(bao)障,優化項目審批流程,制(zhi)訂綠色能(neng)源充分利(li)用的(de)保(bao)(bao)(bao)障機制(zhi),營造良(liang)好投(tou)資(zi)建(jian)設環境。


(三)規范建(jian)設運營(ying)

各地指(zhi)導試點(dian)縣通(tong)(tong)過市場化方式自主確定項目開發主體(ti)并組織建設(she)(she),不(bu)得以開展試點(dian)為由暫停、暫緩現有相關項目核準(zhun)(備案)、電網接入等相關工作(zuo)。各地要(yao)建立(li)信(xin)息調度和通(tong)(tong)報機制,定期調度、通(tong)(tong)報項目建設(she)(she)進展和運(yun)維(wei)情(qing)況,督促試點(dian)縣落(luo)實建設(she)(she)條件、加快建設(she)(she)進度、確保建設(she)(she)質量、爭取(qu)盡快建成并發揮效益(yi)(yi),項目竣工驗收后,加強政(zheng)策宣貫和業(ye)務培訓,指(zhi)導做好項目運(yun)行維(wei)護、收益(yi)(yi)使用和資產管理等工作(zuo)。


(四)及時總結(jie)提高

各地(di)應(ying)(ying)立(li)足加(jia)快農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)能源(yuan)清(qing)潔低碳轉型、助(zhu)力(li)實(shi)現鄉村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興,每年3月底前及(ji)時向國(guo)家能源(yuan)局(ju)、生態環境部、農(nong)(nong)業農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)部、國(guo)家鄉村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興局(ju)報送上年度試(shi)點建(jian)設(she)情況(kuang)。試(shi)點縣建(jian)設(she)完成(cheng)后,及(ji)時組織(zhi)評(ping)(ping)估驗收,編制并報送評(ping)(ping)估驗收總結報告。鼓勵加(jia)快試(shi)點建(jian)設(she)進(jin)度,提前完成(cheng)建(jian)設(she)目(mu)標,國(guo)家將結合試(shi)點縣建(jian)設(she)情況(kuang),適(shi)時推動將鄉村(cun)(cun)清(qing)潔能源(yuan)建(jian)設(she)助(zhu)力(li)鄉村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興的成(cheng)熟模(mo)式在(zai)全(quan)國(guo)范圍推廣應(ying)(ying)用。

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